Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA)

The Labour Market Impact Assessment or LMIA is a document that is required by the Canadian employer before hiring a foreign national. There are various jobs that come under the Canada LMIA jobs but before being listed under the Canada LMIA jobs, Employment and Social Development Canada assesses that employment of the foreign worker won’t affect the economy in a negative sense. After assessing the  Employment and Social Development Canada  allocates a imia number to the employer. For registering in the LMIA a Canadian employer has to fill up the labour market impact assessment application or lmia application forms. There are various lmia requirements for employers in order to be eligible for getting the lmia document. The lmia processing time is about 10 working days and lmia application fees is CDN $1000 and add to that a privilege fees is of CDN $100. But there are many cases where there is a Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) exemption being provided by the Canadian government for the employer.

Once the Canadian employer gets a Labour Market Impact Assessment document, the prospective employee can apply for a work permit. For applying work permit, the prospective employee needs to possess following documents:-


Job offer

LMIA number

Copy of LMIA

The LMIA differs according to the prospective employee is classified as ‘high wage’ or ‘low wage’. If the employee is paid up the provincial/territorial medium wage it is termed as high wage and if it’s vice versa then it is considered as a low wage. According to the specifications of high wage or low wage, there are some specifications that apply.

LMIA Processing Time

Though Employment and Social Development Canada  pledges to process the application within the 10 business days, but still it stays unpredictable and can range from couple of weeks to few months. Following are the categories that would be processed within the period of 10 days:-

Highest paid (top 10%) occupations

LMIA applicants who are under the highest demand occupations

Short duration work periods i.e. 120 days or less

Who are high wage workers and low wage workers?

Before proceeding further, a person should clearly understand who are the high wage workers are and low wage workers who are defined as below:-

a) High Wage Workers

Canadian employers who plan to hire the high wage workers need to submit the transition plan with their Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) application in order to be sure that the employers are taking steps to reduce their reliance on temporary foreign workers over time.

The transition plan ensures that the Canadian employers are taking it as a last resort to address immediate labour needs on a temporary basis when qualified Canadians are not available. This ensures that Canadian citizens are given the first preference over the foreigners.

b) Low Wage Workers

Canadian employers do not need to submit the transition plans with their Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) application, however they need to follow the different set of guidelines.

To ensure that the Canadians are given the first preference and to restrict access to Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP), Canadian government has posted restrictions on the limit of on wage workers a business can employ.  The cap of employees in low wage workers is 10% per organization.

Canadian employers offering wage to low wage workers must:-

Ensuring the affordable housing.

Have to pay for health insurance until the workers are eligible for provincial health coverage.

Has to provide an employer-employee contract.

Have to pay for round trip transportation for temporary foreign workers.

Have to register the temporary foreign workers with the provincial/territorial workplace safety board.

Current Median hourly wages by province or territory

The table shows the comparison of current Medan hourly rate by province or territory as on May 3, 2018 and May 3, 2017. If an employer is offering wage above this median rate then it comes under high wage positions and if it comes under the median rate then it comes under the low wage positions.


Wages prior to May 3, 2018 
2016 Wage ($/hour)
Wages as of May 3, 2018 
2017 Wage ($/hour)


British Columbia$22.50



New Brunswick$18.90


Newfoundland and Labrador

Northwest Territories$32.00


Nova Scotia




Prince Edward Island$18.44







Source:- Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey

Fast Track LMIA

LMIA documents will provided in the period of 10 working days under the following occupation categories:-

✍ Highest-demand occupations

Candidates, who get the same or are offered the wage at or above the provincial/territorial median wage, fall under this category. These positions are considered vital for the Canadian economy as this helps to develop infrastructure and natural resources. Following are the list of occupation that comes under this category:-




Contractors and supervisors, electrical trades and telecommunications occupations

Contractors and supervisors, carpentry trades


Contractors and supervisors, other construction trades, installers, repairers and servicers



Contractors and supervisors, mechanic trades

Contractors and supervisors, heavy equipment operator crews


Supervisors, logging and forestry

Supervisors, mining and quarrying


Contractors and supervisors, oil and gas drilling services


Logging machinery operators


Agricultural service contractors, farm supervisors and specialized livestock workers

Supervisors, mineral and metal processing


Supervisors, petroleum, gas and chemical processing and utilities

Supervisors, plastic and rubber products manufacturing


Central control and process operators, mineral and metal processing

Power engineers and power systems operators


Water and waste treatment plant operators

Machinists and machining and tooling inspectors


Sheet metal workers

Structural metal and plate work fabricators and fitters



Welders and related machine operators


Electricians (except industrial and power system)

Industrial electricians


Power system electricians

Electrical power line and cable workers


Telecommunications line and cable workers

Telecommunications installation and repair workers



Steamfitters, pipefitters and sprinkler system installers


Gas fitters

Construction millwrights and industrial mechanics


Heavy-duty equipment mechanics

Refrigeration and air conditioning mechanics


Railway carmen/women

Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors


Elevator constructors and mechanics

Crane operators


Drillers and blasters – surface, mining, quarrying and construction

Water well drillers


Underground production and development miners

Oil and gas well drillers, servicers, testers and related workers


Petroleum, gas and chemical process operators

Source:- Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey

✍ Highest Paid occupations

Employers who have the highest paid occupations are offered 10 day service standard i.e. these employers get the LMIA application within 10 business days. These wages are set for those temporary foreign workers whos skills are difficult to find in the Canadian Business Market. Following is the list of wages being offered in various provinces:-


$13.60 ($15.00 October 1, 2018)
British Columbia

$11.40 Liquor Servers



$11.15 ($11.35 Oct 1, 2018)


$14.00 General Workers ($15.00 Jan 1, 2019)
$12.20 Liquor Servers ($13.05 Jan 1, 2019)
$13.15 Student Under 18 (less than 28 HRs/wk) ($14.10 Jan 1, 2019)


$9.80 If Gratuities Apply

New Brunswick

Nova Scotia

$11.00 Experienced workers
$10.50 Inexperienced workers

Prince Edward Island

Newfoundland & Labrador



Northwest Territories



Federal Rate

Prevailing rate of province in which work is performed

Source:- Statistics Canada, Labour Force Survey

✍ Shortest Duration Occupations

Employers offering the shortest duration occupations i.e. 120 days or less get the LMIA documents within 10 days of applying, in any occupation where the wage is at or above the provincial or territorial median wage. Vacancies that fall under this category are related to the repairs and manufacturing equipment and warranting work.

After receiving the LMIA documents copy is to be send to the candidate which would further help candidate’s application for Temporary Work Permit.

Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) Exemptions

A Canadian employer, as per the general rule, must receive a LMIA document from the Canadian government, but there are some exceptions where the LMIA document is exempted. Following are those occupations:-

1. Dependents of Foreign Workers

2. Academics

3. Intra Company Transferees

4. Entrepreneurs/Self Employed Persons

5. French Speaking Skilled Worker

6. Provincial LMIA Exemptions

7. Reciprocal Employment

8. Charitable Workers

9. Religious Workers

All in all, Canadian employers need to have all the documents and must follow all procedures in order to hire a foreign national. This is within the check of the supply of required worker within the Canadian land for a particular said vacancy.

For more updates upon the labour market impact assessment (LMIA) please do call us on +91-7042184185/Email your queries on info@makevisas.com.

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